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Pedestrian Safety

Parents play a pivotal role in teaching their children to

be safe at all times. It is essential that children

and young people are educated to use the road safely.

As they grow and develop  they need to learn to be safe in

different environments - as passengers, pedestrians,

cyclists and, eventually drivers. Here are some instances

and practical ways in which you can help to educate your

child, through day-to-day experiences, whilst out and



Footpath Safety:


Your child should be taught to hold your hand when near

a road. Teach your child to walk and not run. When

walking on the pavement make sure that you are

positioned between your child and the kerb. If no footpath

is available you should walk on the right side of the road

facing the traffic and be positioned between the road and

your child.


Crossing Roads:

The Green Cross code. Provides a guide to help people

cross roads safely. From the age of eight years, children

can be taught the Green Cross Code whilst children below

this age should be taught the more basic message of Stop,

Look and, Listen. To help your child be a safe pedestrian,

teach them to use their eyes, ears, judgement and

common sense. Teach them the safe road crossing

procedure - STOP, LOOK, and LISTEN:  You and your

child shouldSTOP with toes behind the kerb, or edge of

the road if there is no footpath; LOOK in all directions for

approaching traffic; LISTEN in all directions for

approaching traffic;  when safe to do so, walk straight

across the road. Keep  LOOKING and LISTENING for

traffic while crossing.Safer Places to Cross:- Make sure

your child knows the safer places to cross the

road:- whenever possible, your child should cross at a

pedestrian crossing such as a pelican crossing or a zebra

crossing; Your child should have a clear view of

approaching traffic, so the drivers  can also see your child.

Even at crossings your child must remain alert and  check

whether vehicles are stopping. Your child should:-Always

make sure traffic has actually stopped before stepping onto

the road; Remember at a school crossing patrol your child

must always cross in front of the patrol person and only

when the patrol person indicates that it is safe;  At railway

level crossings, wait for the bells and lights to stop and the

boom barriers to be raised before crossing. Many

accidents occur because pedestrians cross immediately

after a train, not realising a second train is coming.


Be Safe Be Seen:

Most pedestrians are hit by vehicles because the driver

does not see them until it is too late. Make sure: your child

wears bright or fluorescent clothing during the day and

light-coloured clothing and a reflector (for example, an

armband) at night;  when crossing a road, your child never

assumes that a driver has seen him/her; your child is taught

to avoid crossing roads near the crest of a hill, at a bend, or

between parked cars because it is harder for drivers to see

him/her in these places. Pedestrian Progression:- Up to 5

years - young children lack the skills, knowledge and

judgement to be able to cope with traffic and so need to


constantly supervised

5 years to around 10 years - parents can help children by

providing plenty of practical supervised experience in

using the road safely, as part of their daily journey.

Research shows that children under age 12 years do

not have the skills and experience to be safe in traffic. Up

to around 11 to 12 years - children should be supervised

by an adult in traffic. Teach them safe traffic behaviour

and set a good example. From 11 or 12 years - children

may become more independent in their travel; however in

complex traffic situations they still require supervision.

Check regularly to ensure that children remember and

follow safety procedures.  Work with them to plan safe

walking routes.